Without a doubt, Twi (Akan Kasa) is one of the most appealing and soothing dialects of the country. Twi is almost as well-known as the national vernacular. There have been numerous occasions where Twi has been spoken, whether on TV, radio, or in any other setting, for football discussions.
Regardless, contrary to popular belief, Ghana isnR 17;t the most populous country that speaks Twi. Stay with me as I take you on this journey to discover the various nations. Also, keep in mind that Akan can be used in place of Twi throughout the article.
A Short History
Twi, also known as Akan Kasa, is an Akan language dialect spoken by a few million people in southern and central Ghana, primarily by Akans, the largest of Ghana’s seventeen major ethnic groups.
Twi has approximately 17–18 million speakers, including second-language speakers; approximately 29 percent of the Ghanaian population speaks Twi as a first or second language. Twi is a common name for commonly understood previous scholarly vernaculars of the Akan language, including Fante, Bono, Asante, and Akuapem. Akuapem, as the primary Akan language used for Bible interpretation, has thus become a well-known lingua franca.
Twi, an Akan language tongue, is a descendant of Bono lord Nana Baffuor Twi. As a result, Twi is also spoken by people from countries other than Ghana.
The Ivory Coast
There are more than 60 ethnic groups in Cote D’Ivoire, but the Baule, like other locals living east of the Bandama River, are associated with the Twi in Ghana.
Driven by Princess Pokou, who later became sovereign, a few members of the Ashanti clan moved and settled in Cote d’Ivoire, where they are now known as the Baoule people and identify as Akan rather than a subgroup of the Ashanti.
The Baoule clan is one of the most powerful in Côte d’Ivoire. Her mother, Nyakou Kosiamoa, was the niece of Osei Kofi Tutu I, the Ashanti Empire’s most ardent supporter.
Throughout the Ashanti’s development, numerous subgroups had to perceive themselves and completely submit to the Ashanti Empire. Princess Pokou thought it was pointless for the Empire to have more power and control. The debate sparked war, and Princess Pokou chose to relocate to a new region with her fixation minister, her child, and a group of willing Ashantis.
According to the oral history of the Baoule people in Cote d’Ivoire, Princess Pokou advised her minister on the best way to cross the river. After counseling the divine beings, her cleric instructed her that a penance for her most important possession was required in order for her kin to travel successfully.
Princess Pokou relinquished her child, tossing him into the river to appease the crocodiles, and the people were free to leave Ashanti domain and Ghana in general.
The people and their princess traveled until they reached fertile land and settled in what is now modern Cote d’Ivoire. They named themselves Baoule, which meant ‘youngster is dead,’ to fill in as a token of their pioneer’s penance.
She also instilled bravery and trust in her kin, who will be remembered for waging the longest war of resistance against French colonization in Africa and clinging to their traditional convictions and way of life. This is why the clan is still the most powerful in Côte d’Ivoire. Along these lines, Ivory Coast is becoming a Twi-speaking nation.
Ghana has numerous historical and social ties with Suriname, as many people from Ghana were captured and sold into slavery during the Dutch period. The majority of the slaves imported into Suriname came from Ghana (more than 53,000, or 25% of the total) and the Bight of Benin (more than 34,700, 16.4 percent of the aggregate).
The Akans from Ghana were formally the dominant slave group in Suriname and would become runaway slaves (Maroons) and lead a few slave uprisings over the Caribbean and the Americas, with notable pioneers being Cudjoe, Quamin, Quamina, and Cuffy, which compare to Akan day names Kojo, Kwame, Kwabena, and Kofi.
The Akan ethnic group remains one of the most visible and famous families in West African and Surinamese culture due to their proud display of riches and culture, as well as their dominance in West African history. As a result, Suriname is a Twi-speaking country.
“Jamaica Jamaica” is a Twi expression that originated with Ghanaian slaves. The Akan slaves were transported to the remote land and continued to say, “maybe, I’ve stalled out here” in Twi, which was the origin of the name “gyama y3 otherwise known as” (Jamaica).
The primary language of the Jamaican Maroons is Kromanti. Jamaican farmers used the term Koromanti to refer to slaves purchased from the Akan region of West Africa, now known as Ghana.
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The Maroons are descendants of slaves who fled to freedom from pioneer subjugation and established their own free networks in the seventeenth century. The language thrived in these networks and only began to decline in popularity in the mid-twentieth century.
It is now mostly spoken by older people in the Maroon ethnic group. Kromanti is one of Jamaica’s three dialects, and it belongs to the Akan language family, which also includes Fante, Asante, and the Twi family. Kromanti is similar to Suriname’s Creole dialects.
It is spoken by the Maroons of Moore Town, Charles Town, and Scott’s Hall in Jamaica. The concept of Maroon society has been portrayed as “clandestine,” a component that has been referred to as the main explanation for Kromanti’s demise.
The language is currently used primarily in a unique stylized situation known as the Kromanti Play. Many of the Kromanti pioneers had names that originated in Akan culture.
Benin is also a fantastic country to consider as a Twi-speaking country.
Today, the Akan culture can be found all over the world, as many Akans were taken as hostages from the Gold Coast to the Americas.
Following wars, the capture and sale of Akan people into the slave trade skyrocketed, particularly during the wars between the Ashanti clan and the Fante (as both sides sold countless hostages) as detainees of war.
Due to the disagreements, a large number of military hostages were sold into slavery. Twi is thus being spread all over the world in this manner.